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Utility Week ENERGY SUPPLY HANDBOOK 2017 12 ( INDUSTRY INSIDER ) Shippers contract with offshore producers to bring gas on shore and suppliers buy gas from shippers to deliver, via high-pressure and low-pressure networks, to domestic and business customers. HOW THE GAS INDUSTRY WORKS GAS Shipper • A gas shipper licence allows a company to arrange with a licensed gas transporter for gas to be introduced into, conveyed by means of, or taken out via, a pipeline system operated by that gas transporter. Transporter • A gas transporter (GT) licence allows the licensee to convey gas through pipes to premises, or to another system of pipelines operated by another GT. There are eight GTs in the UK: • National Grid Gas plc – East Midlands, West Midlands, North West England and East of England (including north London) • Northern Gas Networks Ltd – North East England (including Yorkshire and Northern Cumbria) • Wales & West Utilities Ltd – Wales and South West England • Scotia Gas Networks Ltd – Scotland and Southern England (including south London) Supplier • Gas suppliers provide gas to business and domestic customers, buying in bulk and paying the transmission and distribution network operators for shipping it through their networks. They publish prices, read meters, issue bills, process payments and deal with customers' enquiries. Most supply companies will offer supply contracts for both gas and electricity. Interconnector • Gas interconnectors are used to ship gas between the high-pressure networks of two different countries.

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